Pecan Orchard Recharge
Pecan On-Farm-Recharge for Groundwater Recharge and Improved Water Quality. 2018 – present (TBC 2021)
University of California, Davis (UCD), University of California Cooperative Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources (UCANR), CA Pecan Growers Association, Sustainable Conservation
California Department of Food and Agriculture
Groundwater serves as an important resource for California populace and agriculture, constituting approximately 40% or more of the State’s total water supply. The lack of regulation on groundwater use has led to overdraft, further exacerbated by the recent drought. Groundwater usage is coming into a new light with implementation of the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) of 2014. SGMA requires medium to high priority critically over-drafted basins in California to attain sustainability by halting overdraft and bringing groundwater basins into balanced levels of pumping and recharge by 2040, 20 years after implementation of a Groundwater Sustainability Plan or alternative plan. The majority of critically over-drafted basins reside in the San Joaquin Valley, an extremely important agricultural region of California. This region exports an estimated annual $20 billion contributed to specialty crops of California.
This project aims to study and integrate pecan agriculture as an On-Farm Recharge (OFR) SGMA compliance strategy to restore, protect and fortify groundwater resources while maintaining economic profit stability for agricultural regions. Field studies will establish best management practices for OFR on pecan orchards, with consideration to soil properties, hydrologic regimes, water quality and tree health. Agronomic and economic information will be gathered to evaluate and assess cost-benefits for OFR implementation. Project is to be performed in close collaboration with area farms, Groundwater Sustainability Agencies, and SGMA stakeholders for ensuring developed practices will meet SGMA requirements in a practical and adaptable manner.